Skin is our largest body in the human body. It maintains the underlying system of muscles, legs, ligaments and our internal organs. Skin is also our first defense circuit again, the environment and has many important features that deliver us. Features include protection again pathogens, excessive water loss, insulation, temperature control, feeling and production of vitamin D. Skin can act as a last thought, we see it everyday, thats what you see in the mirror, you moisturize it and protect it from the sun , but what more? Why else do we have skin? An important function that the skin provides is the ability to transplant and grow skin for reconstructive use. Our bodies can not last for a long time without skin protection. This post will dive deeper into skin reconstruction and the major uses for skin rebuilding.
Types of skin reconstruction
Skin reconstruction is the use of skin for reconstruction; This includes skin transplant and tissue expansion used for reconstruction. These procedures are all available through plastic surgery and are usually covered by health insurance because they are for reconstructive purposes and not cosmetic. Those who seek rebuilding of the skin are those who suffer from breast cancer or rehabilitation of skin cancer, severe burns, hand injuries, beds and treatment of diabetic ulcers.
Skin transplant: Skin transplant is often used for burns, patients with extensive wounds and extensive skin loss due to infections. The surgical removal of damaged skin is required only before the skin transplant itself. The skin grafts serve two purposes for the patient, it reduces the course of treatment needed and it improves the function and appearance of the body that receives the skin graft. Skin grafts save thousands of lives each year but they are extremely painful. While the pain of a serious burn is almost unimaginable, thats the destruction it can cause. Large open wounds are very susceptible to bacterial infections and if the body can not control the temperature and hydration it will be in shock. That is why skin grafts are used and although they are very painful they serve a greater purpose. There are two types of skin grafts: autographs and allografts. In all skin transplant procedures, the skin must be removed from site A and then attached to the wounded area or place B. The most preferred skin source for some skin transplantation procedures is from the patient itself, this is called an autograft. The bodys immune system will ultimately try to reject foreign skin which is why sourcing from the patient itself is the best option for long-term treatment. In some cases, the patient may be injured for doctors to perform an autograph in which case a doctor may place a temporary skin coating to reduce the risk of infection until the patient can regain strength for autograft. The second skin graft is called an allograft, skin that comes from another person or a carcass. Allografts can take seven to ten days before the body will ultimately reject them. A similar graft, Xenografts, is temporary skin coatings from animals (usually pigs) that can only take three to five days before rejection. Allografts and xenografts are mainly used to buy time for the patient. In most cases, they can provide adequate protection so that the skin can regenerate on its own. When autographs are necessary, there are three main types to choose from. To determine which autograft method to use is dependent on the amount and depth of skin loss on the patient. A plot of thickness is used for the most basic wounds, those that only affect the epidermis and part of the dermis. It is called a divided thickness because the doctor only removes some layers of skin from the donor site. In the same way as transplant patches, full thickness graphics require all three skin layers, epidermis, dermis and hypodermic, which are to be removed from the donor site. Full-thickness graft is often used in cases where the damaged areas cosmetic appearance is very important. Full thickness grafting differs from split thickness, as they include hair follicles, sweat glands and blood vessels that make the implant look more natural. They also heal much faster than a split thick graft and are also less painful. The third skin transplantation method is called a composite graft; This is used for wounds that include bones, tendons, cartilage and muscle loss. For a nasal conduction, the surgeon would, for example, be required to reap a graft comprising supportive cartilage together with the skin layers.